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From Aug 2006 - Nov 2013 WeDig provided a live forum for diggers & fans of Vindolanda. It has now been mothballed and will be maintained as a live archive.

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'Area A'; June 2010
Topic Started: Jun 11 2010, 01:46 PM (1,483 Views)
Badger
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Here is my best attempt to sketch in the via principalis. Two observations:
1. It is wider than either the current Stanegate or the treacherous Military Road that runs past Twice Brewed Inn.
2. Harry's 3 year old would have done a better job than I did.
Tim Wolter
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MichaelH
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Re. Post # 13
That looks fine Harry. The wall of the next barrack building (to the west) is across that intermediate road, against the west side of the drain.

Sorry you couldnít be here in person this week

Michael
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SacoHarry
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Alright, so let's see if this is an improvement. Here, for ref, is Michael's original:
Posted Image

The overlay:
Posted Image

There are three major periods shown here, spanning well over a century:

Period VI-A (items that are shades of pink) -- This is known as the Antonine Fort or Stone Fort I. It ran around AD 180 to AD 200, and was sited more or less in the location of the latest fort (the one whose walls are visible today).
* VI-A-1 is a wall foundation running north-south, most likely a barrack.
* VI-A-2 is a road surface. Can't tell exactly what it's doing, as later stonework is on top of it. But it may be part of the so-called "intervallum road" that ran around the inside of Stone Fort I's fort walls.
* VI-A-3 is a well-laid stone drain that was set into some of the VI-A-2 road surface and runs north-south.

Period VI-B (one item - the blue circle) -- This is the very short-lived Severan period (about AD 205 to AD 213).
* VI-B-1 is a small "roundhouse" -- one of dozens that were built in neat rows across the old fort platform in this period. Their use is still debated.

Period VII (items in yellow) -- This is Stone Fort II, the fort built by the IV Cohort of Gauls, who occupied Vindolanda from AD 213 until at least about AD 369.
* VII-1 is the grand flagged roadway from the fort's main entrance (the northern entrance) all the way to the HQ.
* VII-2 is a barrack block, one of three located in the NW quadrant of the fort (the other two were dug in '09, and make up the bulk of the stones visible to the right in this picture)

What's important to keep in mind is that all three of these periods are -totally- independent of each other. At the end of the Antonine period, the fort was knocked down -- leveled to the ground -- to make a smooth platform for the Severan roundhouses. After less than a decade, all of the Severan roundhouses were themselves knocked to the ground and the site leveled to build Stone Fort II.

Oh, and for a last orientation, here's a plan of where the pic is taken from:
Posted Image
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MichaelH
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Photo 27th June. Looking south. Meanwhile back in the barracks.
Photo 1. This is one of the barrack rooms (Excavated in 2009) which has been modified over the years from early 3rd century. The winter weather had broken the soil down to fine sandy dust which was cleaned off, the floor was recorded and photographed.
The sandy dust certainly stuck to sun cream, that could have been another photo!

Photo 2. The top layer of stones were removed and cleaned down to the next level of floor, this was recorded and photographed again. Pieces of pottery, nails, including boot nails, and other rusted metal possibly spear heads were found.
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MichaelH
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More stone lifted, and as before....
Photo 1. The wall on the right is not part of the AD.213 barracks, itís thought to be late 4th century, and divides this room in half. Some of the lower level flooring just below the soil level looks continuous under the wall. On the left is the north/south passageway

Photo 2. Looking west across the floor, the later wall and the other part of the room (where the barrows are) Notice those stone joints in a vertical line, not good building but maybe that helps the wall to move with the ground subsidence?? In the background is the intervallum road and west wall.
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MichaelH
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30 June. Tea break in a welcome shady spot on a hot day.
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Badger
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Michael
On behalf of all of us who stood on those floor levels and wondered what the next layer down was....thanks!
I do hope the occupants had some kind of bed/mattress/hammock arrangements, sleeping on those floors would have been brutal.
Tim Wolter
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